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Sunday, 22 September 2019

Why doesn't Gujarat finally have daughters?

"His name is Laxmi.
His son-in-law was fascinated by the horror of his son. Laxmi's family was so tempted by Laxmi's pregnancy that every time she got pregnant, she suspected that she would be born somewhere.
Every time Takdir knew that Lakshmi's offspring was the enemy, she was exposed to having a daughter during pregnancy. And every time a blind family in Lakshmi got an abortion of Lakshmi. Lakshmi also wants her daughter to know that without knowing it.
What was even more shocking was that this happened to Lakshmi not once, not twice, not three times, nine or nine times.
Laxmi's abortion was done nine to nine times in the lure of sons and daughters and Lakshmi had to pay the price.
Not only did Lakshmi lose her offspring nine or nine times, but also cervical cancer.
The family was already poor, so Lakshmi was not treated properly and eventually the family, blinded by the desire for poor children, left the society and the world. "
 who is affiliated with the 'Identity' organization working for women. Ami Yagnik mentioned the above case, making the background behind the number of children falling in Gujarat.

Dowry problem

  • Big dowry problem in Patel and Rajput community
  • Like a dowry economic blow for a daughter's parents
  • Educational and economic development also encouraged dowry
  • Industrialization and free economy developed a sense of economic insecurity
  • The dowry increased in the spirit of economic insecurity
  • In Rajput and Patidar society, the declining proportion of children is worrying
  • In both societies a large proportion of children's pregnancies occur
Due to dowry system, especially the economically weaker sections of society put a huge financial burden on the parents of the daughter.
Some parents lose their entire life savings in an effort to meet the economic demands of the opposition.
The dowry that is required at the wedding will reduce the importance of the daughter socially.
Manas Dasgupta writes on countercurrents.org, a website highlighting human conflict, "dowry has a major problem in Patel and Rajput community in Gujarat."
In a conversation with the website, Ela Pathak, who is affiliated with the Ahmedabad Women's Action Group, said, "The 'suicide' of suspected circumstances of married women in Gujarat points to the fact that every time such incidents are not accidental."
Pathak also believes that dowry has been given priority as a side effect of educational and economic development.
Talking about this, Professor Patel says, 'The birth of a daughter in the society is also seen in terms of economic insecurity. The industrialization and free economy has increased the sense of economic insecurity, which is also affecting the daughter's desire. '
An interesting thing to note here is that in the dowry area, the Ganges flows in tribal areas of Gujarat. Here brides have to pay dowry instead of bride.
 Gaurang Jani said, "There has been a long tradition of dowrying in Gujarat by the Jethwa and Patidar communities."

A decreasing number of girls

  • Concerned rate of 'child sex ratio'
  • Only 845 girls per 1000 boys
  • The main reason behind the decline in child population is the longing for a son
'Betty Bachao', 'Balika Samruddhi Yojana', 'Kishori Shakti Yojana', 'Nari Gaurav Yojana'.
These are the names of some of the schemes that the government has created to welcome and raise children in Gujarat.
The purpose of the schemes is clear; the attitude of the society to the daughters varies, the birth rate of the children is maintained.
However, the facts are somewhat different. A report titled 'Healthy States, Progressive India' was published by the NITI Aayog, according to which the child sex ratio in Gujarat has become alarming.
According to the report, only 854 girls were registered against every 1000 boys in Gujarat.
The report also states that 'these figures indicate how the birth rate of girls through' sex-selective abortions' is decreasing.
A report on the National Family Health Survey of Gujarat states, "There is a strong yearning for a son in Gujarat."
'Males constitute 15 per cent of the total population of the state and 12 per cent of the women want a daughter. When compared to the son, the male desire for a daughter is only 2-3 per cent.
The report also states that 'the desire of women who want more children in the state depends on the number of their sons.'
For example, 92% of women with two children have two sons and 88% of parents who have only one son do not want more offspring. While only 54 per cent of parents with both daughters did not want more children. '
Abortion : Increasing social contamination
  • Worried proportion of child murders in Patidar society ?
  • Ineffective implementation of the Precision and Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques Act
  • Economic growth eased abortion
  • The technology of abortion has become a reality
Professor Jani points out, "Gujarat has a long history of killing and killing newborn girls in Patidar community.
Also, due to ineffective implementation of the Precision and Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPDT) Act, the sex ratio in Gujarat has decreased.
The practice of dowry is also largely responsible for this tradition of killing a child in the womb.
Vibhuti Patel says, "Economic development and the availability of technology have made the abortion process easier. Due to the increasing technology, abortion has become abortion, which has to be suffered by children. "
He adds, "Today ultrasound devices have become as easy and cheap as mobiles and even when sitting in the car, it is possible to have an abortion. Also, abortion doctors cannot stop the financial temptation. The culture of the market that has developed is also the reason for this. "
There are several media reports in Gujarat, especially in the border areas, that this abortion activity is rampant.
Dispensaries in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh or Maharashtra are dispatched to dispensary hospitals in border areas.
The raids conducted by Rajasthan police in Mahisagar district earlier this year and the doctors involved in them are a testimony to this.
The person said, "My wife had an abortion at a hospital in Lunawada in Mahisagar district. The doctor said that the fetus had a son at Rs 5,000. If there was a daughter, we were also offered an 'abortion' at Rs 10,000."

Reasons for the decline of girls

  • Social and economic reasons are responsible for the decline in the number of children
  • Children have to suffer economic growth
  • Dowry costs and dowry problems are a major problem during the marriage of the daughter
  • The spirit of the patriarchal family versus the daughter's birth
  • Against social customs also encourage daughter
Vibhuti Patel, Faculty of Advancement Center for Women's Studies at Tata Institute of Social Science, categorizes the causes of declining numbers of children in Gujarat into two categories. Social and economic.
 "Everywhere in the society, economic growth has increased. Children have to suffer. Children have to be educated and cost for it."
He further adds, "People also believe that after the marriage, daughter Parika is going home, what is the reimbursement for the expenses incurred behind her? Also, dowry payments are also a major problem for the poor."
According to Professor Patel, "a similar mentality gave rise to proverbs such as" teaching a child to water the neighboring plants ". The daughter has no place in the economy. Some believe that the birth of a daughter means acceptance of future poverty. "
In the society today, the son is still regarded as the 'old man's stick'. On the contrary, the dowry provided during the marriage of the daughter also causes the poor people to increase the affection of the son.

Government effort

  • Numerous schemes by the government regarding daughter birth
On March 8, 2018, the Gujarat government celebrated International Women's Day last year and every girl born on that day was given silver coins by the government.
The attempt was made as part of some schemes undertaken by the Gujarat government to encourage daughter birth.
Gujarat government website states, "The principle of gender equality favors equal rights for women. The Constitution empowers the state to positively discriminate in favor of women so that women can have equal rights. '
The website also claims that "the Department of Women and Child Development plays an important role in creating gender equality for women."
The website also claims that a Gender Equality Policy (GEP) has been created by the state government to eliminate inequality in the proportion of men and women. The government has undertaken a number of schemes to reduce the sex ratio among men and women. like,
Kunwarba Mamara Yojana: Under this scheme, financial assistance is given to the Scheduled Castes for the marriage of their daughter.
Saraswati Sadhana Yojana: The scheme provides bicycles, hostels and meal facilities to the students of Scheduled Castes and Tribes.
Self Help Scheme: Attempts to integrate rural women into the mainstream of society, make them economically self-reliant. Under this campaign, 43,200 women have participated in 1,760 villages in 20 districts. More than 2,700 collaborators are helping him.
Kishori Shakti Yojana: This scheme is aimed at providing adolescent self-development opportunities, eliminating malnutrition, relieving the problems of sexuality.
The scheme aims to equip adolescents to learn to read and write and to make decisions independently. In addition to this, efforts are being made to provide adolescents with home-based etiquette and vocational training to guide them on issues like health, hygiene, nutrition, family welfare and child care.
Balika Samruddhi Yojana: The purpose of this scheme is to change the outlook of the family and society towards the daughter and her mother. Under the scheme, Rs 500 is provided to the family of the child born after August 15, 1997.
In addition, when a girl is getting education, three hundred rupees are deposited in her account. In addition, under this scheme, a scholarship of Rs 1,000 is also given to Kanya.
Narrow pride policy: This policy has been formulated to ensure the dignity of women in various departments of the state government. This policy is enforced in both the public and private sectors.
Different work groups have been set up to study different aspects of gender equality. There is a constant exchange of ideas between these work groups.
Betty Bachao : Betty Bachchan Campaign was launched in 2005 on World Women's Day. Under the scheme, efforts were made to curb the decline in child gender rates, to increase it.

Social endeavor

  • Awareness is coming on social issues
  • Many commendable efforts were undertaken in the Patidar society
Birth rate of children in Gujarat is declining and many problems are causing it.
This is slowly being explained to the people and efforts have also been initiated in this direction.
In Patidar society, the proportion of girls has fallen to an alarming rate. Then social efforts are being made to change the attitude of the children in the society.
In 2015, 5,000 daughters of Patidar Samaj were offered a bond of Rs 2 lakh. In order to encourage the birth of daughter in the society. Many such programs have been conducted by the society.
Lavji Dalia, a Patidar leader in Surat, awarded a 'Sukanya Bond' worth Rs 200 crore to another daughter born in Patdar society to promote daughter birth.
Similarly, initiatives are being taken by the Rajput community.

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