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Monday, 30 September 2019

What were Gandhi's views on Kashmir, Gauraksh and Mob lynching?

What were Gandhi's views on Kashmir, Gauraksh and Mob lynching?
Mahatma Gandhi dreamed of an independent and self-reliant India. This dream was not founded on any theoretical or philosophical basis.
His dream was like a practical plan. India means the people of India.
People of all religions and regions, of all languages ​​and ethnicities. All men, women and children, full of spirit of equality, fraternity and human dignity, had to participate in nation building.
Out of that was to become Secular India. Was to be the perfect example for the world.
Where is India standing in this regard today? Today, if Gandhi reappears and takes India's test, how many marks will he get?
How many Marks would India have given to self-assessment? These questions remain.
Problems are facing all over the world.
Instead of fighting against it, some elements of Indian society are starting to create problems for India today.
From the point of view these problems may seem political, economic and social, but in fact they are taking the form of a conceptual and existential problem.

The meaning of cowardice for Gandhi

Gandhiji called himself a Hindu of Sanat.
He understood the importance of cows in view of India's rural economy and its spiritual tradition.
Nevertheless, he knew that in a new nation having a different society like India and the formation of a nation, the work of guerrillas could not be done by coercion and mass murder.
Gandhiji understood the sectarian hypocrisy of the Gupjuks.
That is why he spoke to the extent that those who call themselves cowards are really cowards.
He just stopped using the word cow. He was saying that 'gaushaksa', not 'gaushaksa' was needed.
On October 6, 1921, in 'Young India', Mahatma Gandhi wrote about the relationship between Hinduism and gurusha, "There are many works being done in the name of Hinduism which I do not approve."
"If I'm not really that, then I have no desire to be a Sanatan Hindu or any other kind of Hindu."
"I believe in guardianship more broadly than its prevailing practice, and that means sacrificing one's own life for what it means."
"The killing of human beings for the protection of cows is a distraction from Hinduism and non-violence."
"For Hindus, there is talk of austerity, self-sufficiency and self-sacrifice."
"But nowadays the form of cowardice has deteriorated. In the name of it, there is a quarrel with Muslims."
"How can a religion that is called to worship cows lead to the cruel and inhumane exclusion of human beings? How can it justify it?"

The need for a tolerance environment

Gandhiji continues, "At present there is not even an atmosphere of mutual tolerance between us."
"But when tolerance is transformed into a homogeneous society, such marriages will be welcomed."
"Religions that are narrow in the coming society's innovations and do not pass the test of intelligence cannot survive; for the values ​​of those societies will change."
"The value of a human being should be due to its character, not to wealth, status or clan."
"Hinduism, in my imagination, is not a narrow cult. It is an ancient, great and continuous process of development, as in time."
"They include Parsi, Moses, Isa, Mohammed, Nanak and all such founders."
Its definition is as follows:
'Scholarly: service: good faith.
I am calling this religion '.
That is, the religion which is accepted by the wise saints, free from anger, is accepted by our hearts and our intellect.
However, Gandhi was strongly opposed to the proselytizing caused by marriage.
He said in the same article, "I've always been, and still am, against the idea that men and women change their religion just to get married."
"Religion is not a cloth or a scarf or a cloth that can be worn when it comes to mind; it can be removed when the mind is made. There is no point in changing the religion in this matter."

Who is the true owner of Kashmir?

Everything is calm in Kashmir.
Indian society has begun to understand the silence imposed by force.
For journalists here so far there has been a pillow, "The situation is stressful, but under control."
The rulers felt that branding did not mean that the situation was stressful.
So say that delete the pillowcase and say directly that the situation is in complete 'control'. The people of Kashmir are under control by force and the rest of India's population is controlled by the media.
It is not known what Gandhi would have done under such circumstances.
They went to embrace the people of Kashmir in a delicate state of their time.
But then people believed that a treaty with the British or the King of Kashmir could be made on paper so that the princely state would be ours. Rulers have a habit of thinking that way.
It could prove to be a mistake in the long run, it was understood even to Gandhiji.
That is why he said that Kashmir does not mean just geography. Kashmir means the people there.
With the people of the country, who had wiped out the roots of a powerful English sovereignty, for Gandhiji, the spirit of the people and the victory of their hearts was paramount.

False police case torture against journalists / editors

What is the job of a journalist?
The task of the journalist is to fear the mistakes of the rulers in the fearless public, so that the government has democratic control over them.
Journalists who believe in India's fearless and philanthropic role have been instrumental in strengthening, strengthening, and strengthening Indian democracy through the independence movement.
But what is happening today?
Journalists who publish news against the authorities are being openly beaten.
Arrested by making a false case. Even the owners of the media, the situation of the system is not good.
They are being forced to face fines and discrimination.
Apart from being under such pressure, there are very few who maintain the edge of their graft.
It has become commonplace for fearless journalists to be fired.
India's situation is getting worse today in countries around the world in terms of media freedom.
Instead of protecting journalists in the interests of democracy, the governing system falls on its own, which is not a good sign for future society.

The real king is a people

At a prayer meeting on July 29, 1947, two days before his historic visit to Kashmir, Gandhi said, "There is a king in Kashmir and there is also a raiyat."
"I am not going to tell the king that you will not merge with Pakistan and join the Indian Union."
"I'm not going to do that job. There is a king, of course, but the real king is a people."
"... The people there should ask if you want to go to the Pakistan Union or to the Indian Union."
"Whatever pleases the people. The king is nothing, whatever the people are."
"Two days later the king will die, but the people have to stay. Some people said why don't you do this work by correspondence.
"So I would say that I can do the job of Noakhali, too."

The cowboy is the cowboy

On January 26, 1921, Gandhi wrote, "It is said against Muslims that they are committing cowardice."
"But I say that as many cows are slaughtered in Bandra's slaughterhouse in five years, seven million Muslims cannot kill in twenty-five years."
"You worship the cow, but the ox is mine. The cow gives milk, the buffalo also gives milk. They are so milked that blood starts to flow from their place."
Likewise at a prayer meeting on July 19, 1947, he said, "Nowadays, it is coming to me that I should stop the cow."
"But the real thing is to call ourselves a cowboy, it's a cowboy."
"Those people think that I ask Jawaharlal or Sardar to make such a law. But I am not going to tell them."
"I tell these cowards that you spend money to save me, why not spend it on cows?"
"Send me if you can't afford it."
"I would say that we are the ones who worship the cow and we are the ones who slaughtered it."

Beginning with the basic reform of the police

Talking to the collegians on June 5, 1947, about two months after India's independence, Mahatma Gandhi said, "If I go, I should start with a basic reform of the army and the police."
"People in England consider the police to be their friend, helper and model of duty. But in India people view the police as dangerous and outrageous."
Gandhiji knew all this because of his long practical experience.
He struggled against them all his life.
Remembering Gandhiji means seeing and changing society and politics in the light of his ideas.
Someone recently said that the task of understanding and adopting Gandhi was difficult for the people who killed him.
Nevertheless, the views of Gandhiji against injustice, oppression, exploitation, greed to destroy the earth, non-democratic efforts and destructive wars still stand there today.
Gandhian ideology stands on the brink of non-violence, restraint, compassion, compassion, truth and love.

Intercultural marriage

Even today, Indian society is annoyed at the idea of ​​bringing an English bride or groom, but the same Indian society openly kills inter-caste or inter-caste marriages by hanging them on a tree.
What is the reason for such brutal cruelty and vandalism on their own children, citizens?
He has also lost sight of the innocent love of society through a narrow, communal and casteist view.
This mentality of caste and creed is the biggest obstacle to India's unity. Gandhiji understood this.
Gandhiji, who was initially opposed to inter-caste marriages, later said that neither one of the bride or the bride would go to a marriage where there is no Dalit. They used to have such marriages in their ashram.
On July 7, 1946, in 'Harijan', she wrote, "If it were my turn, I would advise every single young woman in my influence to choose a characteristic Harijan youth as husband."
Similarly, in Harijan on March 8, 1942, Gandhi wrote, "As time goes on, such marriages will increase. And this will only benefit the society."

'No Case Torture'

The governments of that time frequently harassed him by making a case against Krishnaji Prabhakar Khadilkar, editor of the Marathi newspaper 'Nawakkal'.
Mahatma Gandhi wrote on April 4, 1929, "The case that is being prosecuted against the newcomer Mr. Khadilkar is not really a case, but it is his atrocity."
"Government opposition is going on despite public opposition, especially when we are there.
"There is a certainty that the editors of the government would be tortured by outspoken editors."
"One day he told me that as a journalist, he often took risks and wrote down plays that paid the penalty for him."
Criticizing the judiciary of that time, Mahatma Gandhi further wrote, "Like other government institutions in this country, legal courts have been formed to protect the government when it is needed."
"We have had this experience so often. The courts are basically like that."
"The point is that we do not know when the freedom of the public and the interest of the government are the same."
"But when it comes to protecting the freedom of the public by going against the government, the courts fail. The less that leaves with it, the better."
Gandhi wrote in "Young India" on January 26, 1922, about the abuse of the police by the regime, "There is no doubt that the police in India are defiant."
"That defamation may have increased because of the brutal act of repression today."
"But let's not forget that the police are just a toy of the government's hand."

Kashmiris should not be forced

On October 26, 1947, he explicitly warned both Pakistan and India, "The real king of the Riyasat (Kashmir) is his people. The people of Kashmir say they want to go to Pakistan." , No strength in the world can stop them. "
"People should be asked with complete freedom and comfort. They cannot be invaded."
"They cannot be forced to burn down the rural area. Even if there is a large Muslim population, no one can stop them if the people say they want to stay in the union of Hindustan."
"If the people of Pakistan go there to force them, the rulers of Pakistan should stop them."
"If he doesn't stop, then he should take the blame for himself."
"I have no doubt that if the people of the Union (India) go to force them, they should stop as well."

Friday, 27 September 2019

Chandrayaan-2: NASA says record lander landed hard, pictures revealed

Chandrayaan-2: NASA says record lander landed hard, pictures revealed
The US space agency NASA says that the Chandran-2 record lander made a hard landing on the surface of the moon. Along with this, contact with him was broken.
NASA has said that its team is trying to contact Chandrayan-2, but has not been successful yet.
A US space agency has said that a Chandrayaan-2 lander attempted to land on September 7 but a soft landing could not take place.
NASA has released pictures of Vikander Lander's landing site, but the agency has not been able to locate Vikram Lander.
These photos were taken by NASA's orbiter, where the record lander could not be found because it is currently dark.
NASA says that when the light goes up in October, the orbiter will once again send pictures of Vikram Lander's location.

What happened on September 7?

On September 7, Chandrayaan-2's contact with record lander broke shortly before landing on the Moon.
Chairman of ISRO. Sivan said after the mission, "The record lander was going as planned and everything was normal until 2.1 kilometers away from the surface."
"However, contact with him was later lost. Data is being reviewed."
'Vikram' was to land on the moon between 1:30 pm and 2:30 pm on September 7.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrived at the ISRO headquarters in Bengaluru to witness the achievement of an Indian astronaut and to boost his enthusiasm.
Everything was going well and the scientists were keeping an eye on the lander record every moment of approaching the surface.
However, at the funerals, the center of ISRO became a tense situation, and a line of worry began to appear on the faces of the scientists.
After some time, the chairman of ISRO came to the Prime Minister and informed him about the matter.
After that, the chairman of ISRO informed the country that contact with Chandrayaan-2's Vikram Lander had been broken.
No record location information
These pictures were taken by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC). These cameras passed over the landing site on September 17th.
These pictures were taken 150 km from the center. NASA has said that the record lander's location could not be found.
NASA said on its website that it was dark when the pictures were taken, it is likely that the record lander did not appear in the shadows.
NASA has said that the exact location of the spacecraft landed at this time is unclear.
This was India's first attempt to make a soft landing on the surface of the moon but it did not succeed.
Vikram Lander tried to land on a flat surface but could not do as expected and his contact with ISRO was broken.