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Wednesday, 18 September 2019

Will Pakistan shake up Shimla agreement to grab world attention on Kashmir issue?

Will Pakistan shake up Shimla agreement to grab world attention on Kashmir issue?
Pakistan's Prime Minister Imran Khan has warned that suppression of protests and disagreements in Indian-administered Kashmir will shift the inclination of Muslims in the world towards extremism.
Imran Khan addressed a gathering in Muzaffarabad, the capital of Pakistan-administered Kashmir, on Friday. The meeting was organized to show solidarity with the people of Indian-administered Kashmir.
Imran Khan has alleged that 'Indian troops in the valley are oppressing'. In his speech, Imran Khan spoke very harshly.
In fact, Pakistan has been trying to internationalize the issue ever since India revoked the special status granted under Article 370 of Kashmir.
Imran Khan has already announced that a unity demonstration will be held with the people of India-administered Kashmir on Friday.
As part of this, they reached Muzaffarabad on Friday. He also invited Pakistani TV and film personalities to make the exhibition bigger. Former cricketer Shahid Afridi also joined the show.

What will happen to the Shimla Agreement?

There is much debate in Pakistan about this statement. India really wants to see how Pakistan responds to this issue. However, India also fears that a curfew may be infiltrated by Pakistan if curfew prevails.
The sanctions will be realized only after a reaction or not because the world has not received any information yet.
The two countries know that the bilateral talks under the Shimla Agreement have so far yielded no results.
It is believed that Pakistan can make a big announcement in the United Nations to abolish the Shimla Agreement. The agreement was signed in 1972 between India and Pakistan.
If that announcement is made then perhaps the international organizations will look into this issue because internationally it is believed that due to the Shimla agreement, the two countries have yet to control each other and there has been no war since then.
If there is no such agreement, the risk of war in this area will increase.

Before economic interests

Pakistani officials also believe that the support from Muslim countries has not been received on this issue as expected and that each country is looking at its own economic interests, no one listens to Pakistan.
So there is little hope that these exhibits will make any difference to the attitude of other countries. Perhaps raising suspicions of violence could change their attitude, which Imran Khan mentioned in his speech.
He said that once India removes curfew from itself and sees how change is taking place. He warned that there could be serious conditions.
After India's decision to abolish 370 in Kashmir, Pakistan severed all trade relations with India. However, after a few days, it was decided that some relationships would continue.
Meanwhile, talks between the two countries went ahead on the Kartarpur corridor issue.
From a point of view, if anything between the two countries has the most impact, it is that the compromise express has been shut down, bus service has been stopped, but there is no significant impact on the economic front.
The same paradox appears in Pakistan's policy that trains and buses are not allowed to operate but the Kartarpur corridor is expected to open in November.

Imran Khan's big talk

Imran Khan is trying to do a big show and is trying to show that Pakistan is with the people of India administered Kashmir.
One of the reasons is that Pakistan is accused of being silent and doing nothing.
So apart from what is happening on the diplomacy stage, there are efforts to keep the protests going on every Friday.
Pakistan has long been surrounded by international questions about extremism. However, Imran Khan said some things that showed that he was taking risks.
Imran Khan asked the youths at the exhibition if you would like to go to the Line of Control. Receiving a positive response from the people, he said, 'I will tell you when to go.'
Many people can take this statement as a sign that Imran Khan's signal is towards a proxy war in the valley and that the Pakistani government can play the ball if he wants.
It may be that if they ask a question about this statement they have difficulty answering.
So far the official policy of the Pakistan government has been that the government will not seek extremist help, but from Friday's speech it seems that they are trying to intimidate India and prove that they still have this address.
As for the Sughi international community, Imran Khan could do nothing more and Pakistan's efforts have not been particularly affected.

Reaction in Pakistan

People are asking the question, how is Pakistan adopting this policy and how does it want to put pressure on India?
The Pakistan government says that Kartarpur Sahib's issue is different and the rest is different, but that is not explained to the general public.
Critics say that if trade with India starts, what will be left to increase pressure on India?
Pakistan called for closure of its airspace for India. But that too seems only a threat to the people as no intention has been implemented yet.
This seems to indicate that the Pakistan government does not want to make economic decisions that will adversely affect its already bad economic condition.
The Imran Khan government wants to raise the issue to the extent that the world can see that Pakistan is doing something, but they also do not want to harm their economic interests.
As far as the people of Pakistan-administered Kashmir are concerned, the majority are supporters of Pakistan's policy. But some libertarians have recently tried to get around and march to the LoC in recent days.
Police arrested 38 of them. They are still imprisoned and some have warned that if they are not released, the protests will resume.
There is also a small group who are not happy with Pakistan's policies. He feels that Pakistan does not take steps to increase pressure on India on either front, diplomacy or economic.

Preparing for the United Nations General Assembly

A meeting of the United Nations General Assembly is to be held in the coming days. Imran Khan will give a speech there and raise the issue.
It is also believed that these protests are meant to create a precedent.
Maybe they make a big announcement, people hope they will do so and India will take troublesome steps.
Right now, it looks like a war is taking place on the diplomatic front.
Pakistan's foreign minister made a statement in parliament on Friday that India is on the back foot, for the first time that it has come under pressure.
However, there is no indication that India is under pressure from Pakistan's claims.
Recently, National Security Advisor to India Ajit Dobhal said that Pakistan was trying to destabilize Jammu and Kashmir.

Tuesday, 17 September 2019

Agra's jail where over 80 Kashmiris are imprisoned

Agra's jail where over 80 Kashmiris are imprisoned
Friday morning in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, it was warm but there was occasional relief from the wind.
But this was not the case for the dozens of men and women who came from such a cool place in the Valley of Kashmir. They were bothered by heat.
Sitting at the gate of Agra's Central Jail, these people came to visit their families inside the jail.
Their faces acted as if they were unfamiliar with the area.
According to media reports, a number of people were detained by security forces and sent to other states. However, the authorities are silent on the matter.
More than 80 people brought from Kashmir have been kept in Agra's highly secured jail.
Sitting in jail waiting for family members to meet them was becoming difficult because of the smell and heat.

'I'll be back in 15 days'

Abdul Ghani requested the officers that the work took place and the officers gave him permission to enter by showing him Aadhar card.
A senior prison official said, "We try to listen to the requests of as many people as possible. If you show support, you can go in and meet."
About an hour later, when Abdul Gani came out, there was a smile on his face. He stayed with his son and nephew for about 30 minutes.
He said, "He was worried. I told him I was all right at home."
He added, "I was annoyed to find out about them. Thank God I met him. I will be back in 15 days."
It was almost four o'clock in the afternoon and when the waiting hall was empty, we saw a woman and a man coming out quickly.
They came from Baramulla. He had come to Delhi from Srinagar on a flight and had come from Delhi to Agra.
He appealed to the jail authorities and he was given time to meet for 20 minutes.
Tariq Ahmed Dar's brother is in jail. His brother has three children.
Tariq Ahmed said, "The jail authorities said that if we had arrived early, we would have got 40 minutes to visit."
A jail official told us that visitors are given time on Tuesdays and Fridays only, so if they miss, they have to wait four days.
Tariq Ahmed said, "I talked to him. His wife, children, old parents all remember him very much. It was a difficult time for him. Now I have seen him and I will tell him that he is right."
'Never threw stones at security forces '
Abdul Gani of Kulgam labors and traveled by train to Delhi. Traveling from Delhi to Bus came to Agra. Both his son and nephew were in prison.
They did not bring the required letter from Kashmir so they were worried.
He says he has spent Rs 10,000 to travel to and from Kashmir to Agra and he has yet to return home.
He said, "I didn't know I had to bring this paper. They were picked up at 2 in the morning. While they were sleeping, the security forces came with three or four carts."
"Nobody told us why they were taken. He never threw stones at the security forces."
After a few hours it was time to cross the gate and enter.
Most of the Kashmiri families came with fresh apples.
One of the family came in with an apple box so he could stay for a long time, but the guard asked them to put the apples in the bag for security reasons.

'Security forces take off on the night of August 4'

A man wiping a sweat off his shirt told me, "It's too hot, I'm going to die here."
He said, "Don't ask for my name. I'll get in trouble."
He had come to meet his brother from Pulwama, 30 km from Srinagar.
"They were picked up on the night of August 4. There were two or three vehicles of the security forces. We did not tell where they were being taken," he said.
He added, "I don't know why he was taken away. He had nothing to do with the stoning. He was a driver."
On August 5, Home Minister Amit Shah announced the withdrawal of special status of Jammu and Kashmir.
The man from Pulwama said, "If we asked the authorities, they said that he had been taken to Srinagar. After several attempts we came to know that he was brought here."
He said, "I came to Agra on August 28. We were asked to bring a letter from the local SSP for verification. I went back to Pulwama to fetch the letter. So far thousands of rupees have been spent."
"My brother is 28 years old and was pursuing a bachelor's and postgraduate degree in arts and education, but now he is jobless because he is in jail," he said.
The family of a businessman from Srinagar was sitting in a corner waiting. The expressions on their faces were as if they didn't want to talk to anyone.
The head of a prisoner's wife was covered with a scarf and they were shaking their crying baby.
After trying to calm the baby for a while, they walked out of the hall and filled the baby's bottle with water.
He was accompanied by his teenage son and they both had several questions on their faces.

Monday, 16 September 2019

Celebration of Sardar Sarovar Dam: 'Narendra Modi's birthday a day for us'

Celebration of Sardar Sarovar Dam: 'Narendra Modi's birthday a day for us'
Sardar Sarovar Dam's aquifer reaches 138.68 meters for the first time. It has also been announced to celebrate the birth anniversary of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, 'Namami Devi Narmade Festival'.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will attend the planned celebration and 'Namami Devi Narmade Festival' at Kewadia in Gujarat on September 17.
"It's his birthday and we have his birthday. This is very distorted when the villages are drowned.
These words are from Medha Patkar of Narmada Bachao Andolan.
The Narmada Bachao Andolan has also announced to oppose the celebration.
Representatives of the Narmada Bachao Andolan say, "Narendra Modi will celebrate his birthday by flooding the homes and villages of millions of people."
"How can the Gujarat government celebrate when people are becoming homeless and cattle are dying?"

Why is the protest being made?

On the one hand, preparations for the celebration are underway in Gujarat while on the other hand many villages of Madhya Pradesh are flooded and thousands of houses have been sunk.
Since the water level reached 134 meters in Sardar Sarovar Dam, villages in Madhya Pradesh were flooded.
Medha Patkar said that a protest program will be held on September 17 in Badwani in Madhya Pradesh.
Badwani district is bordered by Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.
The district is also close to the forests of Satpuda and the Narmada river passes through the district.
Court doors have also been knocked out for people not being rehabilitated.
"People from all over the country have been called in Badwani and a rally is being organized," says Mudita Bidrohi, who is associated with the Narmada Bachao movement.
"Apart from this, it has been appealed that people from where they cannot go to Badwani should hold programs in their cities locally."
Mentioning the reason for protesting, Medha Patkar says, "Many villages have been completely demolished. Temples are submerged along with idols."
"The roads are broken and the mall ready on the fields is gone."
Medha Patkar sat on the fast in late August against the government in favor of these villages.
During this fast he had a health condition and later he was taken out of bed.
Anand Mazgavkar, who is affiliated with the Narmada movement, said, "About 32,000 families - about one and a half lakh people - are affected."
"192 villages in Madhya Pradesh are going to be submerged due to floods. The rehabilitation of the people of these villages has not been completed."
"Because of this situation, we have to protest."

'This is not a development at all'

The Gujarat government of Gujarat says that by raising the water level of the dam, he did not violate any of the orders of the Narmada Control Authority (NCA) and the state will continue to get its share of water.
The NCA has allowed the Gujarat government to close the gates of Sardar Sarovar Dam, which has been continuously increasing the water level in its catchment area.
The NCA passed a judgment in 1979 regarding water and electricity transmission, which is binding on all party states by 2024.
"We are not opposed to raising the water level in the dam, but the people should be properly rehabilitated before rehabilitation. The government should do this and then raise the water level in the dam," says the Mudita rebel.
"We need to look at the fact that the Gujarat government is doing this by singing water to farmers and the people of Gujarat."
Medha Patkar says that if thousands of people are becoming homeless, this is not a 'development with everyone'.
"Narendra Modi's view of development is different. He does not care for the natural resources of the country and does not have faith in traditions," he said in a talk with BBC Gujarati.
"Narendra Modi understands Narmada more than water tourism. He also views the banks of the river as a tourist destination. All his focus is on him."

'Must be rehabilitated first'

"How can one celebrate when 192 villages are submerged in Madhya Pradesh? There is a question of the homes of millions of people," says Mudita Bidrohi, associated with the Narmada Bachao agitation.
"The water in the villages is increasing day by day. There are 192 villages and a town called Nirspur is also in submergence."
"Even if we integrate the villages of Gujarat, more than 200 villages will be submerged."
"The conflict has been going on for 35 years but no proper rehabilitation has been done and the government has drowned these villages."
"Wherever people live now, there is no drinking water, no sanitation system. People's livelihoods, education are all lost."

Preparations for celebrations across the state

Chief Minister Vijay Rupani tweeted, "We are ready to welcome Prime Minister Narendra Modi to his birthday for the 'Namami Devi Narmade Mahotsav'.
Preparations are being made across the state on September 17 and special preparations are being made at Kewadia in view of the arrival of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Sardar Sarovar Dam has been adorned and the district cabinet officials have been entrusted with the responsibility of district cabinet for the grand celebration.
Gujarat state chief minister Vijay Rupani said in a conversation with reporters that 'Namami Devi Narmade Festival' will be celebrated on September 17, the birthday of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
He said, "138.68 meters of water has been filled for the first time in the dam. It will be celebrated at Cavadia Colony."
There will be a statewide celebration at 10am and the state cabinet officials have been given responsibility according to the districts.
Rupani said that in addition, sanitation campaigns and plantation programs will be organized in various villages of the state.
However, when Prime Minister Narendra Modi is getting involved in the celebrations at Cavadia, the celebrations will be opposed in Badwani and other parts of the country.

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